Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said Thursday that he didn’t think a U.S. recession was inevitable.
“I don’t think that a recession is inevitable,” Powell said, during his second day of testimony to Congress on interest-rate policy.
“We can’t fail on this. We really have to get inflation down to 2%,” he added.
The Fed’s favorite inflation gauge, the personal consumption expenditure index, ran at a 6.3% annual rate in April.
The Fed raised its benchmark interest rate by 75 basis points last week, the biggest move in almost 30 years, to a range of 1.5%-1.75%. At his press conference last week, Powell said either a 50 bp move or a 75 bp move seems likely at the next meeting on July 26-27.
Powell told lawmakers Thursday that the Fed has penciled in further rate hikes to a range of 3%-3.5% by the end of the year and then maybe 3.5%-4% in 2023.
Other Fed officials have spoken this week supporting a 75bp rate hike in July. The latest official was Fed Governor Michelle Bowman earlier Thursday.
Many economists think the Fed’s current policy path is reducing the odds of a soft landing for the economy and raising the probability of a recession.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury note
fell sharply for the second straight day on fears of a recession.
Fresh economic data on the U.S. manufacturing and services sectors added to worries about a recession.
Powell said Thursday the U.S. economy was very strong and stressed he has an “unconditional” commitment to fight inflation.
Asked about his level of commitment, Powell replied: “It’s unconditional…we have a labor market that’s sort of unsustainably hot and we are very far from our inflation target. We really need to restore price stability, get inflation back down to 2%.”
On Wednesday, Krishna Guha, a former Fed staffer now vice-chairman of Evercore ISI, noted that Powell did not use the word “unconditional” in his testimony to the Senate. Guha said this was a key factor in his view that Powell was “less hawkish than expected.”
Guha said that “unconditional” implies a readiness to accept higher unemployment, and a recession, in order to get inflation down.
Members of Congress expressed concern about a potential recession.
Rep. James Himes, a Democrat from Connecticut, said that in the wake of the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol, he didn’t think “our democracy can sustain either runaway inflation or another recession. “